The death toll in South Africa’s unrest rose to 117 on Friday because the country called up its army reserves during a bid to quell looting that has stoked fears of shortages and dealt a crippling economic blow.
The acting minister within the presidency, Khumbudzo Ntshavheni, told reporters that Johannesburg, South Africa’s economic capital, was now “relatively calm” while the south-eastern province of KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) the epicentre of the violence — “remains volatile.”
Defence, security and police ministers and top army generals were dispatched to KZN to assess things and oversee the expanded deployment of security forces.
On Wednesday, the govt said it might call out around 25,000 troops to tackle the emergency — 10 times the amount that it initially deployed and like a few third of the country’s active military personnel.
Army chief Lieutenant-General Lawrence Mbatha ordered all reserve members to report for duty on Thursday, because the unrest entered its sixth day.
Minister Ntshavheni said “by this morning, 10,000 boots were already on the ground”.
Stores and warehouses in Johannesburg and KZN are ransacked, devastating crucial supply chains for food, fuel and medicines in Africa’s most industrialised economy.
Thousands of business are estimated to possess been plundered in what the minister described as “economic sabotage” masterminded by 12 suspects.
“Of the 12 alleged instigators, one is in custody and… the (police) tracking team has increased the surveillance of the remaining 11,” she said.
In all 2,203 people are arrested during the unrest for various offences including theft, looting continued on Thursday in KZN, but things was quieter in Johannesburg, where volunteers within the city’s townships took part in cleanup operations.
Residents lined up for his or her address take out and other essentials at a mall in Alexandra township in northern Johannesburg that had been spared looting, as 20 soldiers patrolled the floors.
Volunteers took part during a cleanup operation at the Jabulani plaza in Soweto.
Community leader Musa Mbele-Radebe, 30, told AFP: “The use of the military is sort of good, because our people are quite frightened of the military compared to the police.
“It only took four soldiers to regulate a situation of thousand (people) that was gathering during this mall.”
– Zuma protest –
The unrest began a day after former president Jacob Zuma who commands support from a number of the country’s poor — began a 15-month jail term on July 8 for refusing to testify to a commission probing corruption under his tenure.
Protests quickly turned into looting as crowds pillaged shopping malls, hauling away goods as police stood by, seemingly powerless to act.
As the crisis escalated, the soldiers on Monday said they were sending 2,5000 troops to assist restore order.
The figure was criticised by many as paltry, as long as 70,000 soldiers were deployed last year to enforce a strict coronavirus lockdown.
On Wednesday, Defence Minister Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula told parliament she had requested “plus or minus” 25,000 troops.
The request came after President Cyril Ramaphosa warned that parts of the country “may soon be running in need of basic provisions” following disruption to provide chains.
TV footage of the casual looting has deeply shocked many South Africans. Business confidence has been savaged at a time when the economy is already mired in unemployment, especially among children .
Michael Sun, a security official for the opposition Democratic Alliance, said he went on a tour of Johannesburg and saw a dealer whose 50 vehicles were just burnt-out shells.
“The devastation is really bad,” he said. “Lots of the people are salvaging what they will get. Lots of the smaller businesses don’t have insurance — they’re struggling.”
Locals have started forming vigilante groups to guard property and infrastructure in their neighbourhoods.
Tensions are high in Durban’s Phoenix township between black South Africans and counterparts of Indian heritage where police Minister Bheki Cele said 15 people had died.
The hashtag #PhoenixMassacre trended on Thursday and Intelligence firm Pangea Risk said during a note that “in the immediate outlook, the deployment of additional… soldiers to (Johannesburg and environs) will further contain outbreaks of unrest,” but “the security situation in KwaZulu-Natal is unlikely to be contained in coming days